After you have funded your Interactive Brokers account with money, then it is time to start trading.
But first, you may have to convert your money in your Interactive Brokers account into another currency.
The purpose you have a trading account is to buy securities and majority of the securities that you are interested in tends to be overseas in
- United States
- United Kingdom
- Hong Kong
- A lot of other countries
The currencies that the securities trade in tends to be USD, Euro, HKD, AUD.
Without the currencies the security trades in you cannot buy. If you do not have the money in that currency and you have a margin account, Interactive Brokers will by default take it that you wish to borrow on margin to purchase the securities.
So in this article, we discussed all things about FX conversion
IBKR Allows You to Convert Currencies at Near Spot Rates
The spot rate is the price quoted for immediate settlement on a currency.
If you have experience with currency conversion with your local banks, or brokerages, or money changer, you will realize that there is a difference in rates that you were quoted and the rates that you see on certain website.
My experience with local brokerages is that the conversion between SGD and USD or HKD for example is about 0.50% or 50 basis points.
My most frequent broker is Standard Chartered Online Trading and in my post here, we see that they have improved the spread between their rates and another website from 0.80% to 0.30-0.40%.
These are cost to you and if you are investing passively in a portfolio of low cost, diversified ETFs in UK or USA, cost matters.
With IBKR, the usual currency spread I get is soooo low that it is almost like there isn’t a currency spread (as small as 0.1 PIP).
However, there is a small commission charge on the conversion. Usually, it comes up to SGD$2.80.
The above line item is one of my currency conversion. I been a bit trigger happy by converting a small amount, but since the conversion is almost at spot rates and factoring the SG$2.80, the commission cost is 0.09%, which is much lower.
The table above shows how the commmission rates are structured. Think for most of us, it will fall under the first band.
Setting Your Base Currency
I mentioned in the first article on setting up your IBKR account that you can change your base currency rates later.
Your base currency
- Determines the currency of translation for your statements and the currency used for the determination of margin requirements.
- In addition, charges related to market data and research, inactivity fees, and commission on Forex trades are also charged in your base currency.
I have set mine to Singapore dollars. You may set yours to USD.
Setting your base currency does not affect how you transfer money into Interactive Brokers.
If you set your currency like USD, you can still transfer SGD into IBKR.
If you transfer SGD from your bank account, it will just go into the SGD Cash Balances. If you transfer EUR it will go to your EUR Cash Balances.
If you sell your securities in EUR at a loss, it will still be deposited in your EUR Cash Balances.
Majority of what Base Currency is for… is for reporting and updating purpose.
You can change your base currency under Settings > Account Settings > Base Currency. Base currency changes will not take effect until the next trading day.
In the IB mobile application, it is very convenient to toggle your view from base currency, to the currencies the securities are traded in.
For example, the above view is in base currency. So that is SG$572 in HKD cash balances. For 1883 (Citic Telecom), the P&L of $129 is in SGD.
At the top right corner of your app, bring out this menu and you can toggle Use Base Currency, to switch around.
In HKD, the cash balances is shown as HK$3190 instead of SG$572. The P&L is shown as HK$720.
Base currencies in the app is identified as italic numbers instead of normal numbers.
Converting From One Currency to Another
Currency conversion in Interactive Brokers used to be more complex.
And that option is still around.
Suppose I wish to buy a Hong Kong stock, so I need to convert my SGD to HKD.
On my IB web app, I will go to Order Ticket > then go to Currencies tab.
If I type in SGD, IB will auto search and find the forex pairs involving SGD (the screenshot above is wrong, I was searching for “HKD” instead. think of that as me typing “SGD”)
You will find the SGD/HKD currency pair that you wish to buy or sell (depending on whether you are converting from SGD to HKD or the other way round)
Now, then you get to the tough part.
You need to know how to read a currency pair.
The illustration above may help you understand how to read a currency pair. Going by the above a SGD/HKD pair means Singapore dollar is the base currency and quoted in Hong Kong dollar.
- If I buy or bid for a SGD/HKD, it means I am converting from HKD to SGD (buying SGD through selling HKD)
- If I sell or ask for a SGD/HKD, it means I am converting from SGD to HKD (selling SGD to get HKD)
So if I need SGD I will sell the equivalent of SGD 5,000 to get HKD.
I key in that I will sell 5000 SGD.HKD. In the order preview above, based on a prevailing rate of $5.56206, I will get HK$27,809. The commission for the transaction is between SG$2.78 to SG$3.48.
If you are ok with this, once you submit the trade, the broker will put your order in queue. If a buyer comes along, he or she will buy your SGD.HKD and will pay you in HKD.
Then the HKD will go into your IB HKD Cash balances.
An Easier Way to Convert Currency
If the above currency conversion sounds cheem to you, then here is the simple way.
Go to your Interactive Brokers mobile app.
Click the Convert Currency.
You will be presented with a rather clean interface. You can start off with putting in how much of the currency you have or the currency you want.
In this example, I specified that I wish to convert $3,000 SGD into HKD.
Once I confirm this conversion, this order will be sent to the exchange (which is the same as the previous example.)
When your trade is confirmed, you can go to Order & Trades > Trades, and if you click on the SGD.HKD trade, you can see the details above.
You can see the commission charged as well (which is in HKD)
Go to Portfolio and you should see your money converted under Cash Balances.
Now you will be wondering why Kyith didn’t showed this in the first place. I want you to feel the pain of what some of the early adopters felt to understand the improvement the team made.
Now that you have the right currency, maybe it is time to talk about making your trade.
My Comprehensive Interactive Brokers How-to Funpack
Here are some of my past articles on wealth building with Interactive Brokers. I hope it makes your life easier and brighter.
- An Easy Step-By-Step Guide to Setup Interactive Brokers (IBKR)
- How to Fund & Withdraw Funds from Your Interactive Brokers Account
- How to Convert Currencies in Interactive Brokers
- How to Buy and Sell Stocks and Securities on Interactive Brokers
- How Competitive are Interactive Brokers Commissions Pricing? And Also Explaining the US$10 Monthly Activity Fee
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