A good fundamental stock picker would usually think that it is better to pick strong stocks to invest in, instead of investing in an index that tracks the broad-based markets.
They will find it difficult to invest in a basket of stocks with some seemingly challenging companies among the top 10 holdings. Or why do they have to invest in companies that will drag down the strong companies in the index?
We have a bias to invest in stable things because we think they have the quality to remain stable or grow even stronger in the future.
In Singapore, investing in blue chip, stable things would be to invest in UOB, OCBC and DBS instead of the STI Index. In the US, it would be to invest in a basket of Apple, Microsoft, Meta, Amazon, and Google instead of the S&P 500.
This week’s biggest tech companies just announced their earnings.
- Apple’s 4th quarter earnings beat Wall Street expectations on revenue and EPS but came up short of revenue expectations in core product categories, including the company’s iPhone business and service. It is currently up 7.76%.
- Microsoft reported softer cloud revenue than expected in its fiscal first quarter and gave weak quarterly guidance. It fell 7% for the day.
- Alphabet reported slightly lower revenue than expected, while year-over-year growth fell to 6%, the slowest rate since June 2020. EPS was also lower than expected, and YouTube’s revenue fell for the first time since its numbers were reported separately. It fell 10% for the day.
- For the next quarter, Amazon gave revenue guidance of $140-$148 billion. This was far below the consensus estimates of $155.15 billion. Amazon’s important cloud business reported a 27.5% revenue growth rate for the quarter, the slowest growth since 2014, when the company began breaking out AWS results. Its share price fell 9.96%.
- Meta reported ANOTHER quarter of declining revenues and failed to convince investors that big bets on the metaverse and artificial intelligence were paying off. Its share price fell 25%.
This Tweet probably summed up things well.
Since 2021, Apple, Alphabet and Microsoft have announced good earnings and growth, while Amazon and Meta’s returns were patchy.
People prefer to buy blue chip companies because they think the strength translates to good future share performance and lower volatility. In other words, they believe that there is a free lunch there.
As investors, we want volatility to the upside but not volatility to the downside.
We think the market values them based on their current cash flow as the terminal cash flow. In reality, market prices a significant part of their value to the growth of future earnings. When that growth is under threat, the market reprises the stock to the downside.
Ultimately, you need to know that investing in individual stocks means living with greater volatility than buying an S&P 500 ETF. The ETF is more diversified, so the volatility is more shared.
Despite 4 out of the five stalwarts being down 7% or more, S&P 500 ETF ended up 8% for the week. Here is how the S&P 500 stack up against the five stocks:
Sure, you may lose out on the upside volatility if you invest in the S&P 500, but you will also need to see what the S&P 500 do better than your “quality” picks:
- Lower downside volatility.
- If a strong company’s growth rate finally slows, it will be balanced by another company with a higher growth rate.
- Quality companies do not mean you will earn a good stock return on owning the companies. Dimensional’s research shows that your return will be severely reduced if you miss out on the year’s top 25% performing stocks. The problem is… you won’t know the top-performing stocks for the year unless you have a good crystal ball.
Which Level of Investment Decisions Do You Wish to Make? Which Level of Investment Decisions Do You Wish to Eliminate?
Zooming onto Meta, the stock is down almost 70% this year.
An investor can develop a weird conviction that at age 55, he should invest in the best companies and allocate $250,000 out of $1 million into Meta. His $250,000 would be worth $75,000 now.
You will only start asking yourself specific questions when your stock price moves massively against your expectations:
- Why can Meta’s revenue and income deviate so much in a quarter?
- How is it possible that a top-10 stock can fall by more than 20% in a day?
There might be other questions that go through your head as this happen, most that never surfaced until this happens.
Meta may be a hold for you, or a buy more, or a sell.
But as a wealth builder, either accumulating wealth or retiring, do you wish to consider your investment decisions at this level?
With different investments, you would have to bother with uncertainty, but what kind of uncertainty do you wish to bother about and which kind do you wish not to?
- Do you wish to consider whether the company will be able to preserve its quality and resume its growth trajectory and whether it is not a value trap that will destroy your capital if you choose to average down?
- Do you wish to worry whether fundamentally a basket of US stocks can return to the all-time high?
You can eliminate #1 by not holding an excessively concentrated position in one company. This does not mean you are free from uncertainty. You will still have to think about #2.
But you might overestimate and realize you do not have the sophistication to consider #1 well. The unique thing about the market is that if your time horizon is long enough, #2 might be less of a problem.
Concentration has its advantages but also has its downsides. You don’t want to realize the downsides at the wrong time, usually when you are near your retirement age.
It is essential to have a form of rebalancing or portfolio reconstitution strategy if you don’t wish for capital impairment. An ETF or unit trust has that essential mechanism. If you own four companies, you must do your fundamental or technical evaluation and decide accordingly. Your portfolio cannot be a buy-and-forget.
Interesting Information I Picked Up This Week On Meta, Alphabet, Amazon, Microsoft and Apple
Given the price movement, this picture made a lot of sense. But it is also important to note that other S&P 500 stocks also made relatively good earnings announcements and guidance.
Here are some excellent Sankey charts on MSFT, Amzn, Goog and Aapl:
Now, I do not know whether Meta is really cheap or the old-school businesses are too expensive:
Does correlation equal causation:
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I invested in a diversified portfolio of exchange-traded funds (ETF) and stocks listed in the US, Hong Kong and London.
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