The Sunday Times today posted a rather distressing story of how a family tragically come into contact with nearly $1 million and lost it in 2 years.
I felt that there are a few things that we can pick out from this.
- In March 17 2012, cleaning supervisor Chandra, 34 was killed at Changi Terminal by a taxi hijacked by a chinese national. The Chinese national is serving a two year sentence and Chandra left behind Madam Pusparani Mohan, 34, his wife and 4 children (2,7,10,11 years old now). Both of them came from Malaysia to work at Changi Airport Group (CAG), making a total of SG$ 2000 per month.
- Donations poured in from the public, sympathizing with her needing to bring up 4 kids. CAG helped with the collection, which came up to $800k. There was an addition of $100k in insurance payout. This totals about $950k ( based on what was revealed later).
- CAG set them up with counsellors and financial services advisors, who help advice her with a financial plan for the long term. The advisor proposed not to touch majority of the money, meant for her children in the future. This include setting aside $200k each of the 4 children, including an annuity plan. This will leave her with $150k that she may be able to go back to Malaysia and set up some small business.
- She took the $150k and went back to Malaysia. She first use $50k to pay off what she borrowed from relatives and friends to make ends meet. She decided to put the rest of the $100k into her brother’s transportation business in Kuala Lumpur, thinking this will provide her with recurring income
- She was then told the $100k was only enough to purchase 1 lorry and they needed 3 more. So she withdrew $400k of her children’s $800k to buy 2 more lorries. The business made money in the first 3 months, but started to lose money in the 4th month.
- She never gambled or have a problem lifestyle, as her younger brother claims. She took the rest of the $400k of the money meant for her children to feed the family, as she isn’t working. This $400k lasted her 5 months. She said her expenses came up to RM$5-6k. She is effectively broke by now.
- Her friend set her up with a job as an accounts clerk earning RM$2k (SG$780) per month. Her employer paid for the rent for an old double story bungalow where they live now. They do not have much money for daily necessities. She is thinking of gong to Singapore to work.
Planning large sum of money /Windfall is challenging
For the everyday folks, you can sometimes understand a bit why a $500k lottery win, will in a few years felt like you didn’t enjoy it.
We don’t quite understand what we are buying is true happiness, and thus save up very little happy memories.
Everyday folks like us don’t suddenly come into contact with windfall often (although I hope to), we also do not have a guide/user manual how to manage them
- What are the considerations? You would know 20-40% of them, but perhaps a large part of them are not within your knowledge (unless you are a geek with money)
- What is the general wealth truism? You don’t need to know everything, but you need to know the True North, the direction to head towards that more or less cannot go wrong
- It is difficult to understand risk versus reward
- No one will mention to you about our behavioural problems as human beings and how the external environment will challenge you financially
Figuring out these questions will help you better plan and make use of your windfall, preserve the windfall over time as well.
A good way to frame whether you are ready for managing money is, if your boss ties you and your wife to a 10 year long term contract, gives you all your 12-14 month salary 10 years in advance, and not pay you next time, how would your perspective of your income and what you do with it change?
Financial Advice is Useless without Active Listening
“The CAG financial adviser advised me to divide the money between myself and my four children. After allocating $200,000 to each of my four children, I was left with $150,000,” she said.
Kudos to Changi Airport Group (CAG) to link her up with counsellor and financial services consultant on how to use this amount of money in the near term and future. And she did put what was advice into action.
When you come into a large sum of money, it overwhelms you and you are at a lost how you should use this. Having someone who has plan large sum of money advising you helps.
Unfortunately, you have to buy into it as well.
In life, sometimes you see your subordinates nodding their head but you wonder if they understand what is required. Active listening is a rare trait.
1 month out of counselling and you don’t remember what was said to you anymore.
The advisors probably have told her some really good advice. However, I wonder how much she has picked up. If she did, perhaps this is the first time she is hearing it.
Financial Discipline and Decisiveness
There are much personal finance disciplines that you do not need a degree to know. They usually come from hearsay, or from elders. In this case, could Madam Pusparani have more restraint by taking a more decisive view on her children’s money?
Our parents not always have money for us, and they struggle with life, but we always hear accounts of parents steadfastly making sure their child completes their education because they will be nobody without it (subjective but that’s for another day)
Had she maintained that, perhaps she would have thought about looking for a job before touching ALL the money meant for the children.
Evaluating Risk and Reward
I somehow detect that Madam Pusparani, was not able to gauge the level of risk she is subjecting to. Business ventures can be very rewarding, but are prone to big failures as well. Many look at the work, and the upside, but seldom evaluate can they live with losing that money all together.
Perhaps the annuity, is already a rather good investment for the future already.
You get more friends when you have more money
Madam Pusparani mentions that when people know she have this amount of money, all her friends or family want a piece of her. And it is true. The relatives whom I know that have been in the same situation said this.
You also get more financial advisors and friends wanting to start businesses circulating around when you have a windfall.
Are they true friends, probably harder to tell compare to when you have no money and you need help.
Do you need SG$550k to buy 4 lorries in Malaysia
I must confess that I am not an expert with prices in Malaysia, so I have to look up the second hand market.
The lorries cost around RM$40-50k for a reasonable size one, RM$70k for a rather large one, RM$100k for those that towed things.
That is correspondingly SG$15-19k, SG$27k and SG$39k.
I have a feeling that either much of the money for business went to other areas, or that those are really special lorries. The worry here is that, whether the money Madam Pusparani put in, is put to good use.
Surviving on RM$5-6k per month
Madam Pusparani claims that her expenses came up to that amount. That is roughly equivalent to SG$1.95k. I find it perplexing if we are talking about basic sustenance. If i struggle in Singapore, I can probably make use of SG$2k. Was it due to the 4 children that requires so much?
Either way, the cost of living from what I understand is lower in Malaysia, you should not need that much. This means that there may be much lifestyle leakage somewhere.
Its a challenging situation, considering even middle managers in Singapore have a hard time with lifestyle leakage, constantly asking themselves where have all my money gone to.
Life has a way of building up, crashing down then building up again. Perhaps that is why there are folks preferring things to be simple, not having to worry about a “good situation” like this.
I wonder if the family see the whole situation and wish it will turn out otherwise. I think most of us agree that accident shouldn’t happen in the first place.
As I read, I somehow distil that, to be successful in any discipline, be it money or life, you need 4 things: Decisiveness and Determination, Habits & System, Knowledge, Environment.
Does this situation frame it accordingly?
- Decisiveness & Determination: I felt that advice was provided, but little is revealed into whether Madam Pusparani have a resolute nature in how she treats her month. I felt that this was lacking. –0.5
- Habits & System: I tend to infer that not a lot of good money habits being practice from the level of expenses required to maintain sustenance. I could be wrong here, but from what I understand from friends, you can live with much less. It is likely there are much cost creeping into her system, and they are difficult to shake off. They created a saving system for her with the annuity for the kids, but that proved to be futile as well. It was partially a systems failure -1
- Knowledge: The advisor built up the knowledge for her. This is good. She didn’t have enough knowledge on business risks, relying much on hope, relationships. I did not detect much Wealth Truisms that she would have know. She does show that she is willing to learn accounts to better understand and help out with the business 0.5
- Environment: Very toxic, a lot of people want a piece of her and not enough good influences. The only saving grace here was the employer paying for her rent –0.5
In a gauge of 4 to –4, –1.5 leans towards much problems that hinders the family from being more successful. You can’t be successful just by knowing and not implementing, or in this case what you do is completely different from what was advice. Sometimes you need some steadfastness in decision you make. It helps massively that you have a rather positive environment.
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